The concept of e-Learning can be defined as learning by electronic means.
According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, “e-Learning refers to the use of electronic media and information and communication technologies (ICT) in education.”
As we can infer from the above definitions, e-Learning encompasses a fairly wide range of learning forms. Found below are some examples of forms, distribution channels, and devices for e-Learning recipients. However, it should be noted that e-Learning is not limited to the examples mentioned below. When combined with the growth of technological advances, the number of opportunities increases for each of the categories.
Forms of e-Learning: multimedia courses, video courses, text courses, webinars.
Distribution channels: internet, intranet/extranet, CD/DVD.
Content-receiving devices: personal computers, smartphones, tablets.
In practice, content is most commonly distributed online to a variety of devices (both computers and mobile devices). There are a variety of forms that e-Learning may take; for example, one course can consist of a multimedia course with video elements, quizzes, and downloadable text files. In addition, applied systems such as Learning Management Systems also allow for extensive interaction and contact with the recipient of the content.
e-Learning may either be synchronous or asynchronous.
- Synchronous – occurs in real-time, such as webinars, chats, video conferencing, etc.
- Asynchronous – self-paced, communication does not take place in real-time, e.g. multimedia/video courses.
Use of the selected method (or the combination of both of them during the training process) depends on the objectives, requirements, and specifics of the training project.